Brain damage is an injury that causes destruction of brain cells.
In the U.S, every year about 2.6 million people have some type of brain injury whether as a result of tumor, or other illness, according to the brain injury association of America . about 52000 die as a result of traumatic brain injury.
What are the types of brain damage ?
All traumatic brain cells are head injuries. But head injury is not necessarily brain injury. There are two types of brain injury. Both disrupt the brain’s normal functioning.
*Traumatic brain injury: it is caused by an external force such as a blow to the head that causes the brain to move inside the skull, this in turn damages the brain.
*Acquired brain Injury: it occurs at the cellular level. It is most often associated with pressure on the brain. This could come from a tumor. Or it could result from neurological illness, as in the case of stroke.
What causes brain cells to damage?
when the brain is starved of oxygen for a long period of time, brain damage may occur. Brain damage may occur as a result of wide range of injuries, illness, because of high risk behaviors, males between age 15 and 24 are most vulnerable, others also have a higher risk.
Causes of traumatic brain injury include:
- car accidents
- blows to the head
- sports injuries
- falls or accidents
- physical violence
Causes of acquired brain injury include:
- Poisoning or exposure to toxic substances
- Heart attacks
- Abuse of illegal drugs
What are the symptoms of brain damage?
There are number of symptoms of brain damage, they divide into four major categories:
Cognitive symptoms of brain damage include:
- Difficulty processing information
- Difficulty in expressing thoughts
- Difficulty understanding others
- Shortened attention span
- Memory loss
Perceptual symptoms of brain damage include;
- Change in vision, hearing or sense of touch
- Balance issues
- Disorders of smell and taste
- Inability to sense time
- Heightened sensitivity to pain
Physical symptoms of brain damage cells include:
- Persistent headaches
- Extreme mental fatigue
- Extreme physical fatigue
- Sleep disorders
- Loss of consciousness
Behavioral symptoms of brain damage include:
- Irritability and impatience
- Reduced tolerance for stress
- Increased aggressiveness
- Flattened reactions