High blood pressure is a risk factor more than heart disease. Treatment and lifestyle changes can help control your high blood pressure to reduce your risk of life threatening complications.
Here are some effects of high blood pressure that can occur when it is not effectively controlled.
1.Damage to the arteries
arteries are flexible, strong and elastic. Their inner lining is smooth so that blood flows freely, supplying vital organs and tissues with nutrients and oxygen.
Hypertension gradually increases with high blood pressure flowing through your arteries, as a result you may face:
*Damaged arteries: high blood pressure can damage the cells of your arteries. when fats from your diet enter your bloodstream, they can collect in the damaged arteries.
*Aneurysm: over time , the constant pressure of blood moving through a weakened artery can cause a selection of its wall and form a aneurysm.
2.Damage to your heart
our heart pumps blood to your entire body. high blood pressure can damage your heart in different ways, such as :
*Coronary artery disease: Coronary artery disease affects the arteries that supply blood to your heart muscle. You can experience chest pain , heart attack.
*Enlarged left heart: high blood pressure forces your heart to work harder that required in order to pump blood to the rest of your body. This causes the left ventricle to thicken or stiffen.
*Heart failure: over time , the strain on your heart caused by high blood pressure can cause your heart muscle to weaken and work less efficiently.
3.Damage to your brain
just like your heart your brain depends on a nourishing blood supply to work properly and survive. but high blood pressure can cause several problems;
*Transient ischemic attack: sometimes called a ministroke , a transient ischemic attack is a brief , temporary disruption of blood supply to your brain. It is often caused by blood clot which can arise from high blood pressure .
*Stroke: A stroke occurs when part of your brain is deprived of oxygen and nutrients, causing brain cells to die. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to stroke by damaging and weaken your brain’s blood vessels causing them to leak and narrow.
4.Damage to your Kidneys
your kidneys filters excess fluid and waste from your blood – a process that depends on healthy blood vessels. High blood pressure can injure both blood vessels and leading to your kidneys causing several types of kidney disease:
*Kidney failure: High blood pressure is one of the most common causes of kidney failure. It’s because it can damage both the large arteries of your kidneys and tiny blood vessels within the kidneys.
*Kidney scarring: The glomeruli are tiny clusters of blood vessels within your kidneys can leave your kidneys unable to filter waste effectively, lead to kidney failure.
5.Damage to eyes
tiny, delicate blood vessels supply blood vessels to your eyes . like other vessels they too can be damaged by high blood pressure;
*Eye blood vessel damage: High blood pressure can damage the vessels supplying blood to your retina, this condition can lead to bleeding in the eye, blurred vision etc.
*Nerve damage: this is a condition in which blocked blood flow damages the optic nerve. It can kill nerve cells in your eyes, which may cause bleeding and loss of vision.